Design against crime (DAC) uses processes and products of design to reduce crime and promote community safety through practice-led research. This invited chapter, for the first international academic handbook of crime prevention, culminates two decades of involvement in DAC.
Historically, DAC focused on built environments, but from mid-80s I helped broaden the agenda, first by researching ‘crime-free cars’. In 1998 I commissioned/guided research for the government’s Crime Reduction Programme, establishing a route for involving design researchers, Design Council and RSA, covering product and environmental design. There, and in this chapter, I applied the rigorous approaches I had developed to integrate general crime prevention: specifying causes of crime and preventive interventions (Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity); capturing good practice knowledge to facilitate replication/innovation in new contexts (5Is process); and horizon-scanning (Misdeeds and Security framework for identifying crime risks/preventive opportunities in scientific/technological innovations).
Novel developments in my work described in the paper include ‘troublesome tradeoffs’ between a product’s crime resistance and wider fitness; reconciling designers’ creativity with conceptual clarity and clear rationale of ‘problem, cause, intervention’; coping with changing crime risks and adaptive offenders by adopting ‘arms-race’ perspectives, empowering designers to out-innovate criminals; learning to run/avoid arms races from analogous ‘evolutionary struggles’ including military, predator/prey, bacteria/antibiotics.
The ideas in this paper were adopted widely e.g. through Project MARC (EU-funded work on ‘crime-proofing’ of products where I led expert workshops culminating in refereed journal article with Sidebottom (2007)), participation in CEN (EU Standards) expert group, and current work in CDAC on bike parking security. Invited presentations have included to the International Crime Science Network, US Problem-Oriented Policing Conference, European Forum on Urban Security and UK Designing Out Crime Association.
|Type of Research:||Book Section|
|Publisher/Broadcaster/Company:||Willan Publishing Ltd.|
|Your affiliations with UAL:||Colleges > Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design|
Research Centres/Networks > Design Against Crime at the Innovation Centre (DAC)
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||05 Dec 2009 12:49|
|Last Modified:||15 Apr 2014 08:14|