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UAL Research Online

Chemical processing of wool: Sustainability considerations

Hassan, Mohammad Mahbubul (2015) Chemical processing of wool: Sustainability considerations. Key Engineering Materials, 671. pp. 32-39.

Type of Research: Article
Creators: Hassan, Mohammad Mahbubul

Raw wool fibers contain fat, suint, plant material and minerals. It is necessary to remove these from wool by scouring with a combination of detergents, wetting agents and emulsifiers before further processing. Dyeing and finishing of wool fibers is necessary for their application in apparel and also in interior, automotive, smart and technical textiles. Some of the detergents and auxiliaries used in scouring are eco-toxic and some of them are endocrine disruptors. In many countries, wool scouring and dyeing effluents cannot be discharged to watercourses without further treatment by removing color and toxic components. Wool fibers can be given chemical treatments to make them stain-resistant, flame retardant, shrink-resistant, photo-stable and resistant to insect attack. Some of the chemicals under current practice to achieve these functionalities in wool are not eco-friendly and their discharge to water course is limited to the consent limit set by environment agencies.

Other Contributors:
OtherShao, J
Official Website: https://www.scientific.net/KEM.671.32
Publisher/Broadcaster/Company: Trans Tech
Your affiliations with UAL: Colleges > London College of Fashion
Date: 15 November 2015
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.671.32
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2022 12:38
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2022 12:38
Item ID: 18902
URI: https://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/id/eprint/18902

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