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Realist Collage: Non-fiction Film Practice Addressing the History and Identity of 'Welsh Wales' through Critical Realism, Found Footage and Animation

Bosward, Marc (2022) Realist Collage: Non-fiction Film Practice Addressing the History and Identity of 'Welsh Wales' through Critical Realism, Found Footage and Animation. PhD thesis, Arts University Bournemouth.

Type of Research: Thesis
Creators: Bosward, Marc

In the early 20th century, the techniques of collage and film montage were linked with the cultural production of political radicalism. The assemblage of new wholes from existing parts established a critical method for negotiating the social world. Driven by technological and cultural developments, the practice of combining separate images is now applied within a broad range of art and media forms. Through its assimilation and concealment within the popular and commercial, collage has been detached from its political origins.

This practice led project lies at the intersection of documentary, archive film, animation and history. It’s philosophical framework is critical realism, a position that sees reality as a plurality of interdependent structures and mechanisms operating in stratified systems. The research deploys collage as a practical form of critical realism to explore the history of ‘Welsh Wales’ (Balsom, 1985), along with the region’s political, cultural and social identity. The investigation is conducted through engagement with film collection of the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales. Theories of Welsh history and identity are used in the analysis, interpretation and composition of the archive materials as evidence of a complex and layered culture.

In the creative mediation of factual material, realist collage addresses the non-physical levels of reality that are not directly visible in the archive film. This is done through using temporal and spatial juxtaposition as a method of realist inference to represent the causally generative domain that determines actual events. An imaginative sense of a non-empirical, complex whole is inferred through the temporal and spatial composition of image parts.

The originality of the research is in development of collage as a visual and practical research method that offers a novel form of critical realist inquiry. The thesis will reflect on the political implications of the practice, advance critical theory of collage, and provide new insights into the function of collage processes in non-fiction film.

Date: July 2022
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2023 08:59
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2024 08:16
Item ID: 19899
URI: https://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/id/eprint/19899

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