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The question of “Japaneseness” and the creation of the “greater oriental design” for crafts of the Japanese Empire

Kikuchi, Yuko (2010) The question of “Japaneseness” and the creation of the “greater oriental design” for crafts of the Japanese Empire. Archiv orientální / Oriental Archive, 78 (3). pp. 215-242. ISSN 00448699

Type of Research: Article
Creators: Kikuchi, Yuko

Since the 19th century, crafts for Japan have been as important for trade and the economy as they have been for national and cultural identity. The discourse of “Japaneseness” has been central to the national and public debate in the craft world. As the Japanese empire expanded into North East China in the 1930s, Japan became interested in the cultures of greater China, including Taiwan. Japan’s continuous obsession with the idea of the “Japaneseness” in craft products was complicated by its effort to redefine itself in terms of its “Orientalness.” This involved the location of its identity within the three-way positioning of Occident-Japan- Orient rather than the simple binary position of Japan versus the Occident. This paper firstly examines how Japanese craft and design experts confronted these multiple and different shades of the Orient and constructed the notion of “Japaneseness” as part of the Orient in the design discourse. Secondly, it will investigate the Japan centric hybrid design concept of “Greater Oriental Design,” articulated by Japan as the leading power and authority of crafts in Asia. Finally, this paper will explore how this design discourse and these concepts were creatively interpreted in actual design terms and in experimentation, as well as the resulting implications for Japanese design history.

Official Website: http://www.aror.orient.cas.cz/
Additional Information (Publicly available):

As an invited speaker, Yuko Kikuchi presented a version of this chapter as a paper at the 2010 International Conference on Taiwan Studies.

Keywords/subjects not otherwise listed: craft, design, Japanese empire, North China/Manchuria, Taiwan Chen Chieh-Jen,contemporary art in Taiwan, body, history, politics
Publisher/Broadcaster/Company: Oriental Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR)
Your affiliations with UAL: Colleges > Chelsea College of Arts
Research Centres/Networks > Transnational Art Identity and Nation (TrAIN)
Date: 2010
Related Websites: http://www.eastasian.ucsb.edu/projects/taiwancenter/calendar/2010%20Conference%20AGENDA%20PDF%5B5-28-10%5D.pdf
Related Websites:
Event Location: Santa Barbara, CA USA
Projects or Series: Research Outputs Review (April 2010 - April 2011)
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2012 13:58
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2023 04:46
Item ID: 5111
URI: https://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/id/eprint/5111

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