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UAL Research Online

Detecting Uncertainty, Predicting Outcome for First Year Students

Sanders, Lalage and Mair, Carolyn and Street, Rachael (2016) Detecting Uncertainty, Predicting Outcome for First Year Students. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 8 (3). pp. 346-359. ISSN 2050-7003

Type of Research: Article
Creators: Sanders, Lalage and Mair, Carolyn and Street, Rachael

Purpose: This study evaluated the use of two psychometric measures as predictors of end of year outcome for first year university students.

Design: New undergraduates (N=537) were recruited in two contrasting universities: one arts based, and one science, in different cities in the UK. At the start of the academic year, new undergraduates across 30 programmes in the two institutions were invited to complete a survey comprising two psychometric measures: Academic Behavioural Confidence Scale and the Performance Expectation Ladder. Outcome data were collected from the Examining Boards the following summer distinguishing those who were able to progress to the following year of study without further assessment from those were not.

Findings: Two of the four Confidence subscales, Attendance and Studying, had significantly lower scores amongst students who were not able to progress the following June compared to those who did (p<.003). The Ladder data showed the less successful group to anticipate a poorer performance at graduation relative to their year group than did the other group (p<.05).

Value: The results suggest that these two psychometric measures could be instrumental in predicting those at risk of non-completion; such identification could enable the targeted use of limited resources to improve retention. Given the background of limited resources in which institutions are exhorted to improve retention rates, this approach, facilitating the early identification of those at risk of non-completion, could enable focussed use of additional support to reduce attrition.

Official Website: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JARHE-10-2015-0076
Keywords/subjects not otherwise listed: Transition to Higher Education, First Year Students, Academic Confidence, Retention, Progression, Non-completion
Publisher/Broadcaster/Company: Emerald
Your affiliations with UAL: Colleges > London College of Fashion
Date: July 2016
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1108/JARHE-10-2015-0076
Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 15:36
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2017 05:56
Item ID: 9282
URI: https://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/id/eprint/9282

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